With increasing automation of processes in almost all areas of life, intelligent systems, often as expert systems, are increasingly used to support (man-made) decisions.

Explainability and transparency as core requirements for the use of intelligent systems 

Numerous expert groups have formulated transparency and explainability of intelligent systems as a core requirement for their use. This is based on the premise that a system can only be trusted if its decisions are comprehensible ("explainable").

Legal implementation of the explainability 

So far, it is unclear how the general demand for transparency and explainability can be implemented, particularly in legal and technical terms. Explainability is not an established legal concept; legal requirements for the justification and explanation of decisions are found in the applicable law in very different forms. The project "EIS" investigates whether and how a holistic concept for ensuring the explainability of machine-supported decisions could look like or whether the requirements for explainability still require a context-dependent concretisation.

These questions will be dealt with by an interdisciplinary team at Saarland University, consisting of scientists Prfrom (theoretical and practical) philosophy, computer science, psychology and legal informatics. The Volkswagen Foundation has granted funding for a period of nine months for the preparation of a long-term application for a corresponding research project.


Project participants

Chair of Prof. Dr. Georg Borges for Civil Law, Legal Informatics, German and International Business Law and Legal Theory

Prof. Dr. Holger Hermanns (Informatics)

Prof. Dr. Cornelius König (Psychology)

Prof. Dr. Eva Schmidt (Philosophy)

Prof. Dr. Ulla Wessels (Philosophy)

Project representatives

Research associate Dr. Andreas Sesing (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Project duration

March 2019 – November 2019

Further information 

"EIS Website"


BMAS: ExamAI – KI Testing & Auditing

In the BMAS (Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs) project "ExamAI" Professor Borges' chair develops concepts for auditing and certification of AI applications. Further information: ExamAI


Legal Testbed

The chair of Prof. Borges is developing solutions for Industry 4.0 through the project "Recht-Testbed Industrie 4.0" funded by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi). More...


As part of the »INITIATIVE« project Professor Borges' team is working on AI-supported communication for autonomous vehicles in traffic. Click here to learn more...

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